Steroids and the Law 2016Laws on anabolic steroids in uk you can say what you want, without having to say who you are. Whatever experiences you've had with drugs, it can help to get something off your chest. And you might end up helping someone else. If you don't like what you see on the site or if there's something missing, please tell FRANK how it could be better. FRANK helps you find ln everything you might want to know about drugs and some stuff you don't. Steroids are drugs that mimic certain natural hormones ajabolic the body that regulate and control how the body works and develops.
Steroid Laws - Legality, Punishments, Trafficking & Possession
Anabolic steroid laws are a vastly differing subject in comparison to the laws surrounding other substances and drugs. It must first be established and made very clear to the reader that anabolic steroid laws prohibiting the use, possession, buying, and selling of anabolic steroids is almost one hundred percent an American notion and concept.
The fact is that the vast majority of nations in the world possess either no anabolic steroid laws, or very lax laws in regards to anabolic steroids and their use. The United States is one of the only countries in the world that has placed such draconian laws upon anabolic steroids. In Canada and the UK England , for example, anabolic steroids are schedule IV drugs, which allows legal personal use and possession, but criminalizes trafficking.
Many nations have in fact resisted such pressuring, and even neighboring countries such as Canada, for example, did not even add anabolic steroids to the list of controlled substances until The majority of this article will focus upon American anabolic steroid laws, but will also branch out into the laws concerning other nations internationally in order to bring forth a greater awareness among the public that not every single nation on the face of the earth adopts the same laws and regulations as the United States.
The buying, selling, and general trade of anabolic steroids dates back to the early s, which was not long after the very first synthetic Testosterone analogues and derivatives were synthesized and produced approximately 10 years prior in the s. The actual anabolic steroid black market that existed at this time was quite miniscule, and the majority of those looking to buy and use anabolic steroids would do so through doctors, pharmacies, and medical professionals.
These were the primary sources of obtaining anabolic steroids. Up until the late s, anabolic steroids were prescription drugs and medicine, much like any other, which was available only through the prescription of a licensed physician.
However, no control or laws over anabolic steroids existed, and the sources previously mentioned as were largely unregulated. Simultaneously, there were virtually no underground labs UGLs in existence due to the fact that pharmaceutical human grade products were effortlessly accessible with very little effort.
These sources would gather large volumes of pharmaceutical quality anabolic steroids for resale outside of doctors and pharmacies typically in gyms, etc. These dealers and sources were not a concern for the police, and if any unlicensed dealers or vendors did encounter any penalties, they would almost always amount to nothing greater than small fines.
As previously mentioned, the anabolic steroid black market was almost nonexistent at the time. However, in the late s, the concern over anabolic steroids was growing, and the mass media began to increase its exposure of Testosterone and anabolic steroid use among athletes to the public, and this occurred almost exclusively in the context of professional and competitive sports.
Following a consistent bombardment in the television, radio, and newspapers concerning anabolic steroid use for two or three years, the final swan song of the freedom of anabolic steroid use arrived when Canadian Olympic sprinter Ben Johnson tested positive for the anabolic steroid Winstrol Stanozolol in Following this, the image of anabolic steroids was further demonized by the government and the media in front of the general public.
Shortly after the mounting anti-steroid hysteria, pressure was increased in Washington on congress to hold hearings to explore different methods to prevent the use of performance enhancing drugs in professional sports. The House and Senate then drafted bills and held hearings in order to solve the issue.
While the health risks were discussed during these hearings, the central point of debate was the issue of cheating in sports. Perhaps the most important historical detail then occurred that also happens to be the most widely overlooked and unknown detail: When hearings were held regarding the lawmaking surrounding anabolic steroid laws, congress besought the opinion and help of four major professional organizations regarding the hot topic of anabolic steroids: The most important detail here is that all four of these chief influential administrations stated very clearly that they were all fervently and vociferously opposed to the notion that anabolic steroids should be criminalized and be categorized as controlled substances.
Each and every one of these major professional organizations brought forth the scientific and statistical facts to Congress that supported the idea that the use of anabolic steroids does not lead to the two requirements for a substance becoming a scheduled drug.
The two requirements are physical dependence, and psychological dependence, both of which are not expressed what so every by anabolic steroids. Rather than listening to these major organizations and following their advice, Congress selected instead to disregard all of the medical and scientific evidence presented before them by these representatives at Capitol Hill and decided to schedule anabolic steroids regardless. It was two years later in when the Anabolic Steroid Control Act of was passed, which officially added anabolic steroids to the federal Controlled Substances Act.
This resulted in anabolic steroids being placed into the Schedule III category of the Controlled Substances Act, which classified anabolic steroids strangely into the same category as Opiates, Ketamine, Barbiturates, and stimulants.
This now made it an illegal criminal offense in the United States to possess, use, buy, and sell anabolic steroids without a valid prescription. At the time, unlawful possession and use was punishable by up to one year in prison, and distribution was punishable by up to 5 years prison time. Distribution and possession with the intent to distribute and traffic, especially to anyone under 21 years old, was punishable by up to 10 years in prison for a first offense, and up to 30 years for a repeat offense.
The laws since then have changed for the worse, imposing even more harsh and draconian penalties that will be discussed shortly. Following a large scandal by BALCO Bay Area Laboratory Cooperative involving hundreds of professional athletes, the national anti-steroid hysteria concerning the use of anabolic steroids in the United States once again reached an all-time high. As a result, the United States government stepped into the issue again, holding congressional hearings once again on the issue.
It is interesting to note that since the anabolic steroid laws passed in through the Anabolic Steroid Control Act, the rate of use of anabolic steroids among the general population in the United States had only skyrocketed. It is quite ironic that as the anti-steroid sentimentality strengthened throughout the s leading to anabolic steroid prohibition, it was in fact the accompanying anti-steroid publicity and propaganda in the media that was responsible for more and more individuals among the population becoming increasingly aware of anabolic steroids, what they are, and what they do.
This, combined with the increasing popularity of bodybuilding at the time, is one of the direct results of extensive media coverage at the time.
As a consequence of the anabolic steroid laws created in tempered with the increasing popularity of the use of these substances, the demand for anabolic steroids increased vastly but now supply had been limited and cut by a great deal.
Normally the consequence following any prohibition and criminalization of a substance generates a massive flourishing and expansion of the black market trade of anabolic steroids. What accompanied this was also an increase in counterfeiting operations in order to take advantage of the legal situation and media exposure, which was causing high demand.
Because pharmaceutical grade products now exhibited either a greater difficulty to obtain or simply due to the fact that pharmaceutical companies were now discontinuing production of select anabolic steroids, underground labs now began to set up and spread like wildfire not only across the United States itself, but internationally.
Alongside this was the development in the early s of what were essentially legally sold anabolic steroids anabolic steroid compounds that were either newly developed or previously known and were therefore not added to the Anabolic Steroid Control Act and prohormones hormones that would turn into active anabolic steroids upon ingestion in order to skirt the anabolic steroid laws. After the congressional hearings and investigations, congress then made the decision to alter and amend the Anabolic Steroid Control Act of with the newly created and restructured Anabolic Steroid Control Act of The amendments to the act included the addition of all known prohormones to the list of controlled substances under which anabolic steroids already belonged to schedule III , as well as the designer steroids that had previously been unknown or newly developed.
This resulted, of course, in the pulling of all prohormone products from supplement stores, and any posession, use, or sale of these substances would now be considered a criminal offense as well. In addition to this, in , the 10 th congress then altered and changed the definition of what an anabolic steroid is according to the Controlled Substances Act of the United States so as to allow a much more vague and ambiguous interpretation.
As such, the definition of what constitutes an anabolic steroid was changed to the following: Therefore, the precise definition as defined by the Controlled Substances act under 41 A to this day is: Effectively, this change to a broader definition allowed the government and lawmakers to obtain a far broader degree of control and manipulation on the legality of substances that are involved in bodybuilding, performance, or physique enhancement — whether or not they are anabolic steroids by nature.
In , the US Sentencing Commission created the federal guidelines for the anabolic steroid laws, and they did note the distinction between anabolic steroids and other schedule III drugs such as narcotics due to the amount of anabolic steroids and types in existence. Larger vials of injectables, such as 30ml vials, were converted and broken down to the single units previously listed.
So, a 30ml vial would be the equivalent of three 10ml vials and therefore qualify as three units of anabolic steroids. However, the punishments and guidelines as to the amounts then drastically changed with the Anabolic Steroid Control Act as previously described in this article.
On April 5 th , the Commission then made amendments to the guidelines that took effect on March 27, This changed punishments to a 1: This created a fold increase for injectable anabolic steroid units, and a fold increase for oral anabolic steroid units. All other formats of anabolic steroid e. Not only did the Anabolic Steroid Control Act of bring about changes in increased penalties, punishments, and quantifications, but the new amendments increased the amount of steroid-related prosecutions, investigations, and anti-steroid operations.
In addition to the legislation of anabolic steroids on a federal level, anabolic steroids and the laws that are imposed on them also vary on a state by state basis. Various states have actually gone so far as to legislate the idea that any hint of use of anabolic steroids for the purpose of physique, performance, or athletic improvement in healthy patients is not a valid purpose and is punishable with criminal penalties for doctors.
Even non-steroidal substances have been classified as controlled substances in many states. HCG Human Chorionic Gonadotropin , which is not an anabolic steroid, has been legislated as a controlled substance and possession and distribution is therefore a criminal offense in the following states:.
At the federal level, as well as at the state level in almost every single state, anabolic steroids are legislated under schedule III of the Controlled Substances Act, as previously mentioned. However, there are many states that have actually moved anabolic steroids up the list on the CSA, therefore enabling anabolic steroids to be regarded as an even worse A-list narcotic, directly on par with cocaine, opium, methadone, morphine, phenylcycledine PCP , and more.
The associated penalties with substances under schedule II in these states also apply to anabolic steroids. It is very important for every individual to understand the specific laws in the state in which they reside, as the actual anabolic steroid laws can actually be worse than federal law determines. Some states as of the time of writing this article, have not even scheduled anabolic steroids at all under their individual state law.
Each state also holds the individual freedom to define anabolic steroids as it freely wishes, which allows the definition to easily overlap other non-steroidal substances and cause the use and possession of them to be considered criminal offenses where most states would not. There are often times even some severe discrepancies where both federal law and state law is concerned, and it is obvious that the lawmakers do not properly understand the chemistry or biology, or have they solicited the help of any experts at least not to any helpful extent.
For example, Connecticut under its state law has Dianabol listed twice under its two different chemical names Methandrostenolone and Methandienone.
Dihydrotestosterone DHT is listed as both Dihydrotestosterone and Stanolone on controlled substances lists. Some states, such as Rhode Island have listed HGH Human Growth Hormone as controlled substances that fall under the same penalties that are listed under the anabolic steroid laws. Different states have also imposed individually different penalties on what amounts are considered punishable as personal use, possession, or intent to traffic. Other states have listed that possession is not a felony.
Ohio has stated that tablets or 16ml of liquid product is the uppermost limit for personal possession and use, which is treated as a misdemeanor, but more than these stated amounts is considered a felony. North Carolina lists misdemeanor amounts as a maximum of tablets. Other states, such as Alabama, have conceded that possession of any amount of anabolic steroids at all without a valid prescription carries a statutory maximum ten year sentence.
However, federal law in the United States has criminalized the trafficking of HGH without valid prescriptions or licenses. Violations of this law include imprisonment up to 5 years, and 10 years if HGH is sold to an individual under 18 years old. The following individual states have scheduled HGH as a controlled substance whereby only the unlicensed trafficking and distribution is a felony:.
The following states have criminalized HGH use, possession, and distribution without a valid license or prescription:. Prescriptions, as stated by federal law, can be written for legitimate medical purposes, and illegitimate medical prescriptions outside the scope of practice is considered invalid.
Legitemate medical purposes are defined as disease symptoms, which has now opened to include those associated with general aging.
The use of these hormones for the purpose of enhancing performance and the physique are considered a violation of law and medical recognition in the United States. The fact is that through studies that have been conducted over the previous 20 years, a number of these studies conducted in the United States has determined that the average anabolic steroid user is in fact that of a middle-class heterosexual male of the average median age of approximately 25 — 35 years, and are neither competitive bodybuilders at any level, nor are they professional or amateur athletes at any level either, and these anabolic steroid users are simply utilizing anabolic steroids for purely cosmetic improvement purposes .
That same study has also determined that the average anabolic steroid user held a much higher employment rate in addition to an overall higher household income than that of the rest of the general population. It can be concluded from this data that the truth in regards to anabolic steroid use among the general population are not athletes, are not teenagers or children, and are highly educated, law abiding, taxpaying, contributing citizens that are simply attempting to enhance their personal physique and performance in relation to their training in the gym.
With this having been established, it must first also be made clear that it is obvious that the majority of courts both federal and state level consider drug trafficking to be the much more concerning issue, and therefore deserving of the harsher penalties rather than individual personal users. When anabolic steroid laws and the offenders are concerned, simple anabolic steroid users are often treated and prosecuted as dealers based upon the quantity ceased by authorities, and this is the only determining factor without any other evidence of distribution.
The other important factor to consider is the fact that anabolic steroids are such a different type of drug than those it is wrongfully placed under the same category as.
Anabolic steroids are hormones, and in order for them to be utilized for the purpose of performance and physique enhancement, they must be utilized in a particular manner that is so utterly different from any other type of drug use, there is no possible comparison to any other substance.
The best method of qualitatively explaining this to the reader is through the comparison with other illicit drugs, such as cocaine or heroin. An individual who possesses 20 or 25 units of heroin or cocaine would, under state and federal law, insinuate the intention to traffic, sell, and distribute it. Anabolic steroids are a vastly different case, where individual users research and plan their use over the long-term. Because anabolic steroid use entails a system whereby consistent administration is required due to the fact that the effects of anabolic steroid use are slow and gradual, anabolic steroid users will often purchase enough to last them the full cycle length without running out.
Cycle lengths can range from periods of commonly 8 — 12 weeks in length or even longer. Instead, anabolic steroid doses among users are measured in their mg strength, and doses are administered either via injection or ingestion on a regular timed interval e.