Mast es sjenSearch the history of over billion web pages on the Internet. Outstanding public speakers and performers on the air or in the theater, all ejen that a successful per- mast es sjen may often depend not so much on what you say, as "how you say jt. The many thousands of words listed mast es sjen this book should cover most pronunciation problems. Some of the words are familiar and it mast es sjen be well to give consideration to these familiar words. Ours is a Hying language, constantly adapting itself to changing customs and world conditions. Recurring warfare and the tren 75 of modern communication meth- ods, have resulted in the addition to our language of many foreign words and place names hitherto seldom used in our everyday speech.
Full text of "NBC handbook of pronunciation"
Search the history of over billion web pages on the Internet. Outstanding public speakers and performers on the air or in the theater, all know that a successful per- formance may often depend not so much on what you say, as "how you say jt. The many thousands of words listed in this book should cover most pronunciation problems. Some of the words are familiar and it might be well to give consideration to these familiar words.
Ours is a Hying language, constantly adapting itself to changing customs and world conditions. Recurring warfare and the speed of modern communication meth- ods, have resulted in the addition to our language of many foreign words and place names hitherto seldom used in our everyday speech. The responsibility now placed upon speakers, radio announcers, and commenta- tors is greater than ever before.
Audiences are becoming more critical in their de- mands for the use of correct pronunciation by the broadcasters. It is not cumber- some, but its comprehensiveness will aid the speaker in avoiding the embarrassment of a performance marred by faulty pronunciation.
This is not an attempt to be arbitrary but rather a sincere effort to clarify our pronunciation probleJiilV and still maintain that high standard of speech which is the desire of cultivated people. The National Broad- casting Company sincerely hopes that this book will be of real service. The second edition contains many new entries. Approximately 20 per cent of the total are not in the first edition.
Most of these additions are scientific terms and proper names, especially of prominent men and women of the United States and throughout the world. Many of the words are difficult enough to test the skill of vet- eran announcers. A random sampling of these words makes a rugged test of an an- nouncer's knowledge of current developments and events. The total number of entries is more than 15,; that of the first edition, about 12, Recently, Eric Sevareid shared his pronunciation problems with his radio audience.
But a broadcaster's real misery concerns the listener's home town. And the g in Elgin is soft in Illi- nois and hard in Texas. You see what we go through in this business. Although the second edition includes more American place names than the first edition, it has relatively few of them. A handbook is not the place to list all of them ; and the great majority seldom get into the news.
Lambert, recently completed an interesting master's thesis in the faculty of the Graduate School of the University of Missouri. It is a valuable source, as are similar place-name guides already pre- pared for Iowa, Illinois, Kentucky, Wisconsin, and South Dakota. Local newscasters are using these guides successfully in those states and throughout the nation.
Indiana and Florida are among the states now engaged in like investigations ; still other states plan to do the same. Eventually we shall have a vast storehouse of valuable information about American place names. One day perhaps this will be reduced to one huge book.
The second edition omits about 2, words listed in the first edition. The others were too easy, according to the results of a canvas of broadcasters and students of broad- casting. The second edition is based on the valuable help of a large number of indi- viduals: Staff members of the Radio Division of the United Nations, who suggested proper names to be included and pronounced them for the editor are: Siang-mei Chang China , Mr.
Jacques Donot France , Mr. Khouri Arabia , Mr. Gehl Obrai In- dia , Mr. Mike Peng China , Mr. Eugenio Soler Cuba , Mr. Alexander Sven- chansky U. Hans Van Stuwe Netherlands , Mrs. Hans Van Stuwe Norway , Mrs. Mary Vuchetich Yugoslavia , Mr. Van Stuwe also acted as chairman of the group and rendered great help in coordinating the work of his colleagues and the editor.
Similar help came from the New York consulates of Czechoslovakia and Finland. Kiviluoto of the latter pronounced proper names of their respective countries. Members of the staff of British Information Service helped to trace a number of proper names that otherwise might not have been included.
Virginia Frese Palmer, Instructor of Speech at Temple University, super- vised the tedious job of typing the entire manuscript and also read proof. Other friends of the editor, Mr. Alberto Ovalle, and Mr. Roberto Gomez-Plata, assisted in the pronunciation of place names of their natal countries. Beatrice Grant of W. Professor Efrom Shorr M. Francis Ludlow, editor of the Retail Bookseller, was consulted for lists of contemporary authors. Lists of names of actors, directors, and other Hollywood personnel and their preferred pronunciation were contributed by: Norman Siegel, Paramount Pictures, Inc.
John Woolfenden, Colum- bia Pictures Corporation. All the men and women in these various' groups were particularly helpful in track- ing down the pronunciation of coeval foreign names. How does the individual want his own name pronounced? Neely, Lecturer at the Hayden Planetarium, helped in the selection and pronunciation of astronomical terms. The editor listened to these broadcasters and occasionally their peers for purposes of reference and standardization.
Since the preparation of the first edition, which began in , women broad- casters have increased in number and influence. For they represent the many broadcasters on the distaff side of the microphone who pronounce words care- fully, in excellent voice, without the affectation so often linked with professional speakers of the female sex.
They also represent the gifted sex since women may be called the guardians of speech, that is, infants learn speech sounds principally from their mothers or nurses, and the female sex is more precocious in speech than the male sex because girls talk earlier, have larger vocabularies, and fewer disorders of speech than boys.
The respelling system is further simplified in the second edition. The second edition includes a quiz for announcers and others who wish to measure their pronunciation prowess. Pat Kelly, Supervisor of Announcers. Here is the quiz: Read the following passage at first sight in your usual tempo. Give the sentences meaningful inflections of the voice.
If you don't know a word, guess reso- lutely. Take it in your best, in your most nonchalant way. Don't let your heart sink, because no one makes a perfect score on this quiz the first time. If you make only ten mistakes, your pronunciation of unusual words is good. Seven mistakes or fewer is an excellent score. Each of the demons is given a preferred pronunciation in NBC Handbook of Pronunciation second edition , for scoring this quiz.
You may want to read it to a friend or two to help you remember what you said. Better yet, why not make a phonographic recording of it? She me- andered among the congeries of her memoirs. There was the kinetic Algernon, a choleric artificer of icons and tritychs, who wanted to write a trilogy.
For years he had stifled her risibilities with his dour moods. His asthma caused him to sough like the zephyrs among a tamarack. He insisted on being the cynosure even after a virulent attack of alopecia areata left him egregiously glabrous.
He was an economi- cal donor to her eleemosynary interests. Yet he had his facets: She was always a docile devotee of Thalia. He decorated her draughty cabana with two mischievous-looking borzois made of a sort of gamboge ceramic.
The decor was in pastel nuances. He improved her terpsi- chorean art with really herculean efforts, and gave his castoff clothes to her infantile nephew. Yet she was glad to give him his conge for he left her with cervicodynia. A more extraordinary personage was her bovine viscount, a polyglot cosmopolite with sybaritic propensities. His gustatory delectations ranged from minestrone avec jromage to gooseberries flavored with thyme.
After an equestrian morning he was wont to lunch alfresco. For years he had vanquished senility by playing the xylo- phone and arranging the leprechauns of Eire in categories. Truculent as a giaour in gaol, he would go berserk fulminating against the argot of philately or the cerements Vlll of geisha dancers. But his tirades were never really risque, never sacrilegious. He was avuncular, obese, and plethoric as Santa Claus.
I must get down to business and amass the details of my autobiography. I'll use mnemonic devices to resurrect the dramatis personae of my rococo existence.