As we've blogged before, cannabis can be administered in so many different ways. Whether it's ingesting with edibles, vaped, rubbed onto your. Preclinical studies have shown that full-spectrum CBD-rich cannabis oil (with a the best way to proceed when it seems like cannabis dosing is all over the map? . on THC's psychoactivity, CBD makes high potency cannabis oil treatment. The following chart from Mayo Clinic provides specific dosage recommendations for various illnesses: Loss of Appetite in Cancer Patients: mg of THC (orally).
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Using this rubric and based on eleven studies, cannabis rated in the possible-to-probable range of efficacy for treatment of anxiety. Elixinol Organic High Potency CBD Capsules Elixinol offers a highly concentrated, high-potency, organic whole-hemp plant CBD oil , which is naturally extracted with carbon dioxide and free of all synthetics and chemicals. Whole-hemp plant extracts contain synergistic compounds that are believed to enhance the effectiveness and benefits of CBD.
Clinical depression is a serious mood disorder characterized by persistent sadness and loss of interest, sometimes leading to decreased appetite and energy and suicidal thoughts.
Commonly used pharmaceuticals for depression often target serotonin, a chemical messenger that is believed to act as a mood stabilizer. The neural network of the endocannabinoid system works similarly to the way that serotonin, dopamine, and other systems do, and, according to some research, cannabinoids have an effect on serotonin levels. Whereas a low dose of THC increases serotonin, high doses cause a decrease that could worsen the condition.
CBD products with a ratio of Specifically, products made with Valentine X or Electra 4 are more energizing, helping relieve depression. When low energy is an issue, sativa or other stimulating strains can be helpful for improving energy and focus when THC can be tolerated. Varieties that are high in the terpene limonene are recommended for mood elevation. Always start with the micro dose to test sensitivity and go up as needed within the dosing range before going to the next, until symptoms subside.
The micro to standard dose is usually recommended to treat depression. Vaporized or smoked cannabis is recommended for relief of immediate symptoms, or a boost in dosage, and it can also be useful for sleep issues. The Cannabis Health Index CHI is an evidence-based scoring system for cannabis in general, not just CBD effects and its effectiveness on various health issues based on currently available research data.
Using this rubric and based on twenty-one studies, cannabis rated in the possible-to-probable range of efficacy for treatment of depression. Research in called for clinical trials to look into the effectiveness of cannabinoids for bipolar disorder manic depression. It also works on the GABA-glutamate system and the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis. Its main role is restoring balance through inhibition when levels are too high and enhancement when they are too low. This is the most likely reason phytocannabinoids in general and CBD specifically are able to regulate depression and anxiety.
The scientific inquiry into cannabis over the past several decades has confirmed that it is an effective and safe analgesic for many kinds of pain. Of all the reasons that people use CBD today, pain is the most common.
The same can be said of cannabis in general. In the United States, over seventy million people suffer from chronic pain, which is defined as experiencing over one hundred days per year of pain. Physicians differentiate between neuropathic usually chronic and nociceptive pains usually time-limited , and cannabis works on most neuropathic and many nociceptive types of pain.
A number of studies have demonstrated that the endocannabinoid system is both centrally and peripherally involved in the processing of pain signals. Cannabinoids can be used along with opioid medications, and a number of studies have demonstrated that they can reduce the amount of opioids needed, lessen the buildup of tolerance, and reduce the severity of withdrawal.
It is suggested that patients work with a health care practitioner experienced in recommending CBD oil or medicinal cannabis so that dosage and delivery methods can be developed and fine-tuned on an individual basis. Oral CBD products with a ratio of Most discussions of treating pain with CBD suggest that finding the right dosage is critical. Always start with the micro dose to test sensitivity and go up as needed within the dosing range by body weight until symptoms subside.
If CBD-dominant products alone are not enough to treat a particular case, products with a higher ratio of THC are sometimes recommended to better manage pain. For day use, more stimulating, sativa varieties with higher concentrations of myrcene could be added to the formula. In general, for pain, and especially for evening and nighttime, indica strains are favored for their relaxing, sedative effect.
A person without experience with THC should use caution and titrate slowly up to higher doses. Research as well as patient feedback have indicated that, in general, a ratio of 4: THC is the most effective for both neuropathic and inflammatory pain. Each individual is different, however—for some, a 1: Chemotypes high in beta-caryophyllene, myrcene, and linalool provide additional pain relief and increase the effectiveness of other cannabinoids for analgesia.
For relief of immediate symptoms, as in a flare-up of pain, vaporizing or smoking work well. The medication effect is immediate and lasts one to three hours, whereas most ingested products take thirty to sixty minutes before taking effect faster on an empty stomach and last six to eight hours. Sublingual sprays or tinctures taken as liquid drops also take effect quickly and last longer than inhaled products.
When pain is localized, topical products can be applied. Topicals affect the cells near application and through several layers of tissue but do not cross the blood-brain barrier and are, therefore, not psychoactive. The skin has the highest amount and concentration of CB2 receptors in the body. Considering all of the studies together, which number over forty for various types of pain , CBD and cannabis are shown to have a rating of likely probable efficacy.
It is one of the best-substantiated medical uses of cannabinoids. Sativex, a cannabis plant—derived oromucosal spray containing equal proportions of THC and CBD, has been approved in a number of countries for use to treat specific types of pain. Numerous randomized clinical trials have demonstrated the safety and efficacy of Sativex for treatment of central and peripheral neuropathic pain, rheumatoid arthritis, and cancer pain. A study showed that CBD and CBC stimulated descending pain-blocking pathways in the nervous system and caused analgesia by interacting with several target proteins involved in nociceptive control.
Sleep Disorders Insomnia, Sleep Apnea Cannabis and sleep have a complex relationship that is only beginning to be understood by science. In general, for most people, indica strains are more relaxing and effective for sleep disorders, whereas sativa strains are more stimulating and tend to keep people awake. Several studies conducted between and demonstrated the variable effect of different cannabinoids on sleep.
Another study found CBD to be wake-inducing for most subjects, though some reported better sleep a few hours after taking it. However, a significant number of people find THC, even indica strains, will make the mind more active. For these people, CBD oil can benefit them and tends to work well, providing the relaxation and calm for the mental as well as the physical body. For these people, CBD taken at nighttime as part of a bedtime regime produces a restful sleep, not the alertness produced in the daytime.
This bidirectional effect of CBD is the result of balancing the endocannabinoid system. In relation to sleep apnea, a animal study observed the ability of THC to restore respiratory stability by modulating serotonin signaling and reducing spontaneous sleep-disordered breathing. It is suggested that patients work with a health care practitioner experienced in recommending CBD or medicinal cannabis so that dosage and delivery methods can be developed and fine-tuned on an individual basis.
As mentioned previously, while CBD-dominant products help some people sleep, in others it promotes wakefulness. These tend to be high in myrcene and linalool, a terpene shared with lavender and known to be effective for relaxation.
Cannabis combinations with ratios of 1: THC can be used when patients want to reduce psychoactivity. Oral consumption is recommended as it usually lasts the whole night.
The micro to standard dose is usually recommended to treat insomnia and sleep apnea. When relaxing indica strains are used with higher THC levels, a dose of 5—10 mg is usually sufficient.
Other people find they need larger doses, such as 15—40 mg. CBD taken as a tincture or edible will aid in a restful six to seven hours of sleep. This type of disorder varies widely from one patient to the next. Often, one needs to perform some experimental research and try strains of different CBD: For immediate medicinal effects, vaporizing or smoking work well.
This can be helpful for either initial sleep onset or for wakefulness in the middle of a rest period but only lasts one to three hours.
The medication effect is immediate, whereas most ingested products take thirty to sixty minutes before taking effect faster on an empty stomach and last six to eight hours. Vaporizers that use a cartridge filled with the CO2 concentrate are convenient and highly effective, and these are available in various ratios of CBD to THC.
Using this rubric, the use of cannabis-based products for treating insomnia has a rating of likely probable efficacy based on the four studies available at press time 3. A study with the pharmaceutical 1: THC spray showed good results in helping patients with chronic pain sleep better. Four patients in a case series treated with CBD in had prompt and substantial reduction in the frequency of RBD-related events without side effects.
The Dana Forum on Brain Science Trends in Pharmacological Science 36, no. Ashton and Paul F. Combination therapy has been found to increase quality of life and improve treatment compliance in patients with depression. Advanced treatment techniques used for the treatment of depression include electroconvulsive therapy which uses high-energy electric stimulation, and bright-light therapy involving exposure of an individual with depression to bright light at an intensity of 10, lux for a period of one hour in the morning.
Psychotherapy is often combined with medications in the treatment of depression. There are different types of therapy for depression and these can be grouped based on their efficacies. Examples of efficacious and specific therapies include cognitive behavioral therapy, problem-solving therapy, and interpersonal therapy which help the individual modify their behaviors and interpersonal relationships. An example of an efficacious therapy includes mindfulness-based cognitive therapy to prevent a recurrence or relapse, and an example of possibly efficacious therapy is continuation cognitive therapy to prevent recurrence by helping the individual develop positive thinking and behavioral patterns.
Medications used for treating depression are of different classes, each with a different mechanism of action, characteristics, and side effects. These drugs generally increase the concentration of stimulant substances in the brain to improve the depressive symptoms.
Patients with depression could benefit from a number of home remedies which could help to improve their symptoms, in addition to antidepressants and therapy:. Cannabidiol CBD is a naturally occurring chemical compound found in the hemp plant. It is one of the numerous unique compounds called cannabinoids which naturally occur in hemp. Generally, cannabinoids can be produced in the body these are known as endocannabinoids or found in the hemp plant as phytocannabinoids.
CBD is a phytocannabinoid which helps to stimulate the regulation of the central nervous system. CBD, therefore, helps supplement the effects of endocannabinoids in regulating appetite, mood, functions of the immune system, sensation, and keeping our bodies working normally.
CBD oil is made from hemp plants and can be purchased legally in the United States. CBD is available in different forms such as tinctures, concentrates, capsules, sprays, tapes, and topicals. Both of them represent the commonest compounds found in the plant. However, they have numerous differences. CBD, on the other hand, is not a psychoactive substance as it does not act via the same biological pathways in the body as THC. Although, CBD oil has not been approved by the FDA for the treatment of any condition, there have been several studies demonstrating some of its health benefits:.
CBD is a non-psychoactive form of cannabinoid which has been found not to interfere with the cognitive functions of the brain. This is mainly because CBD does not contain any addictive substances, in contrast to THC and some cannabinoids which contain such and are, therefore, capable of being addictive.
There have been extensive reviews on the toxic potentials of CBD and reports have revealed that CBD has a relatively low toxicity. It has been found to be safe with little potential for adverse effects. CBD was found to have no effect on fetal development and other bodily functions. However, reports demonstrate that some reactions may occur as a result of its interactions with other drugs co-administered with it. CBD has been found to be effective in the treatment of depression.
While CBD does not cure the condition, it has been linked to improvement of the symptoms. The cannabinoids produced in our bodies endocannabinoids help to regulate several functions of the body such as mood, pain sensation, sleep, and appetite.
These substances exert their actions by binding to specific points of brain cells called the receptors through which they potentiate the actions of a substance called serotonin which acts to improve mood and reduce stress levels.
Serotonin also acts by binding to its receptors in brain cells. When these chemical substances bind to their respective receptors, they trigger a series of events within each brain cell stimulating processes that improve mood and stress control. CBD has been found to help improve depressive symptoms by modulating the actions of the endocannabinoids and also potentiating the effects of serotonin by enhancing the activity of the receptors unto which serotonin binds. CBD oil is available in several forms including tinctures, capsules, concentrates, and topical forms.
Cannabidiol Oil for Decreasing Addictive Use of Marijuana: A Case Report
Table of Contents . CBD is industrially extracted from the cannabis plant and separated from the other cannabinoids, representing Although, CBD oil has not been approved by the FDA for the treatment of any condition, there have been. The THC-rich type of cannabis oil has already been known for some years, and Today, CBD is used for the treatment of a wide range of medical conditions. . Table 1. Analysis of Dutch cannabis oil samples obtained from. Concentrated cannabis oil extracts can also be heated and inhaled with a vape pen. Inhalation is good for treating acute symptoms that require immediate.