More than half of U.S. states and the District of Columbia have legalized medical marijuana in some form, and more are considering bills to do the same. See the types of medical marijuana and find out what conditions it can treat in this WebMD slideshow. Medical cannabis, or medical marijuana, is cannabis and cannabinoids that are prescribed by physicians for their patients. The use of cannabis as medicine has .
THC may also decrease pain, inflammation swelling and redness , and muscle control problems. It may be useful in reducing pain and inflammation, controlling epileptic seizures, and possibly even treating mental illness and addictions.
For instance, recent animal studies have shown that marijuana extracts may help kill certain cancer cells and reduce the size of others. Evidence from one cell culture study with rodents suggests that purified extracts from whole-plant marijuana can slow the growth of cancer cells from one of the most serious types of brain tumors.
Research in mice showed that treatment with purified extracts of THC and CBD, when used with radiation, increased the cancer-killing effects of the radiation.
Some women report using marijuana to treat severe nausea they have during pregnancy. But there's no research that shows that this practice is safe, and doctors generally don't recommend it. Pregnant women shouldn't use medical marijuana without first checking with their health care provider. Animal studies have shown that moderate amounts of THC given to pregnant or nursing women could have long-lasting effects on the child, including abnormal patterns of social interactions 11 and learning issues.
They treat nausea caused by chemotherapy and increase appetite in patients with extreme weight loss caused by AIDS. Continued research might lead to more medications. National Institute on Drug Abuse website. Explores the latest research on marijuana, including the scope of marijuana use in the U.
Skip to main content. What is medical marijuana? Using Medical Marijuana During and After Pregnancy Some women report using marijuana to treat severe nausea they have during pregnancy.
Points to Remember The term medical marijuana refers to treating symptoms of illness and other conditions with the whole, unprocessed marijuana plant or its basic extracts. The FDA has not recognized or approved the marijuana plant as medicine.
However, scientific study of the chemicals in marijuana called cannabinoids has led to two FDA-approved medications in pill form, dronabinol and nabilone, used to treat nausea and boost appetite. Currently, the two main cannabinoids from the marijuana plant that are of interest for medical treatment are THC and cannabidiol CBD.
Scientists are conducting preclinical and clinical trials with marijuana and its extracts to treat symptoms of illness and other conditions. This publication is available for your use and may be reproduced in its entirety without permission from the NIDA.
Citation of the source is appreciated, using the following language: Department of Health and Human Services. Cigarettes and Other Tobacco Products. Synthetic Cathinones "Bath Salts". An advertisement for cannabis americana distributed by a pharmacist in New York in Legality of cannabis by country. Legal as authorized by a physician. Legal for any use no prescription required. Medical cannabis in the United States. Cannabis portal Medicine portal.
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The term medical marijuana refers to using the whole, unprocessed marijuana plant or its basic extracts to treat symptoms of illness and other conditions. The regulation of cannabis therapy is Medical cannabis expenses are not. Marijuana has had a turbulent history in the United States. Starting in the mid- s, however, there was a push to introduce the medical benefits of cannabis to.