The following are things you should know about supplements: Less rigorous standards for nutritional supplements: Because the Food and Drug Administrat. Consumers must read product labels and consult health professionals before taking dietary supplements (especially for children, adolescents, the elderly or. Do not take zinc supplements and copper, iron, or phosphorus supplements at the same time. It is best to space doses of these products 2 hours apart, to get the .
precautions supplement? this when taking the are What
Babies and toddlers Drugs and addictive behaviours. Older people in hospital — Get well soon. Healthy Eating Healthy Eating. Services and support Services and support. Alcohol and drug services. Carers, caring and respite care services. Child, family and relationship services. Emergency, crisis and support services. End of life and palliative care services.
Hospitals, surgery and procedures. Planning and coordinating healthcare. Pregnancy and birth services. Vitamin and mineral supplements Share show more. Healthy Eating Healthy Eating - Vitamins and suplements. Vitamins are organic compounds used by the body in small amounts for various metabolic processes.
Vitamin supplements cannot replace a healthy diet. Those who may need vitamin supplements include women who are pregnant or breastfeeding, people who consume alcohol in amounts over those recommended as safe, drug users, and the elderly. Vitamins are organic compounds that our bodies use, in very small amounts, for a variety of metabolic processes. It is best to get vitamins and minerals from eating a variety of healthy unprocessed foods. Vitamin and mineral deficiencies Your body only needs a small amount of vitamins and minerals every day.
A varied diet generally provides enough of each vitamin and mineral. However, some people may need supplements to correct deficiencies of particular vitamins or minerals. People who may benefit from vitamin and mineral supplements include: Women planning a pregnancy should consider taking folic acid folate supplements to reduce the risk of neural tube defects in the baby.
Folic acid can also be found in some fortified foods such as some breads. Foods fortified with folic acid have the nutrient added to them during production to boost their nutritional value. Vitamins and minerals from food Research indicates that most of the vitamins you get from the food you eat are better than those contained in pills. The main exception to this is folate. The synthetic form in a supplement or fortified food is actually better absorbed by the body than folate from food sources.
Food is a complex source of vitamins, minerals and phytochemicals plant chemicals , which all work together. Supplements tend to work in isolation. Research has shown that a food component that has a particular effect on the body may not have the same effect when it is isolated and taken as a supplement. Phytochemicals are an important component of food and are thought to reduce the incidence of heart disease and some cancers.
Supplements do not provide the benefits of phytochemicals and other components found in food. Taking vitamin and mineral supplements is no substitute for a healthy diet. Using vitamin and mineral pills like medicine It is commonly believed that taking mega-doses of certain vitamins will act like medicine to cure or prevent certain ailments. For instance, vitamin C is suggested as a cure for the common cold, and vitamin E is widely promoted as a beneficial antioxidant to help prevent heart disease.
After extensive research, however, neither of these claims has been shown to be true. Large-scale studies have consistently shown little benefit in taking mega-doses of supplements.
In fact, there is some evidence that taking high-dose supplements to prevent or cure major chronic diseases, such as heart disease and cancer, may be harmful to your health.
Vitamin and mineral supplements can be toxic in high doses Taking higher than recommended doses of some vitamins may cause problems. For example, the vitamins A, D, E and K are fat soluble, which means they are stored in the body.
High doses of these vitamins can be toxic. High doses of some water soluble vitamins, like vitamin B6, can also become toxic. Large folate intakes can hide vitamin B12 deficiencies.
In extreme cases, for example, where people take times the recommended dietary intake RDI , this can stop the work of anticonvulsant drugs, such as those used in epilepsy. Excessive doses of some minerals may also cause problems. At just five times the RDI, zinc, iron, chromium and selenium can be raised to toxic levels in the body.
Large intakes of fluoride especially in childhood may stain, and even weaken, the teeth. Very large doses of fish oil can lead to decreased blood clotting. Iron toxicity is also common. Even a small amount over the RDI can cause gastrointestinal upset, nausea and black bowel actions poo. Severe toxicity can lead to coma and even death. High levels of vitamin B6 have been linked to some types of nerve damage. Doses of vitamin C above one gram can cause diarrhoea.
High doses of vitamin A may cause birth defects, as well as central nervous system, liver, bone and skin disorders. For a healthy adult, if supplements are used, they should generally be taken at levels close to the RDI. High-dose supplements should not be taken unless recommended under medical advice. Stress, tiredness and vitamin pills Vitamin supplements are commonly considered to be an antidote to stress.
Popping a pill will not likely cure persistent tiredness either. If you are feeling run down, it is more likely to be due to stress, depression, insufficient sleep or other factors, rather than a deficiency of a particular vitamin. Vitamins and minerals as a short-term measure Taking vitamin and mineral supplements should be viewed as a short-term measure. The long-term use of some high-dose supplements can lead to symptoms of toxicity. If you feel that you could be lacking in certain vitamins and minerals, it may be better to look at changing your diet and lifestyle rather than reaching for supplements.
Things to remember Vitamins are organic compounds used by the body in small amounts for various metabolic processes. Combs GF Jr, The vitamins: Send us your feedback. Rate this website Your comments Questions Your details. Excellent Good Average Fair Poor. Next Submit Now Cancel. Please note that we cannot answer personal medical queries. If you are looking for health or medical advice we recommend that you: Enter your comments below optional. Did you find what you were looking for? Your feedback has been successfully sent.
Healthy eating basics Food types Vitamins and supplements Health conditions and food Food science and technology Planning shopping and cooking Food safety and storage Dieting and diets Nutritional needs throughout life Healthy eating basics Balancing energy in and energy out A kilojoule is a unit of measure of energy, in the same way that kilometres measure distance Children's diet - fruit and vegetables If you eat and enjoy fruit and vegetables every day, your child may eventually follow your lead Dairy and dairy alternatives Dairy products and dairy alternatives are packed with calcium, protein and lots of other essential nutrients.
Eggs The humble egg is a powerhouse of nutritional goodness. Energy in food kilojoules and calories A kilojoule is a unit of measure of energy, in the same way that kilometres measure distance Getting enough protein Protein is an important nutrient that helps your body grow and repair cells.
Healthy eating tips A good balance between exercise and food intake is important to maintain a healthy body weight Look after your health at harvest time Farmer health, wellbeing and safety are often neglected when facing the pressures of harvest. Food types Alcohol explained The size of a standard drink can vary according to the type of alcohol Cereals and wholegrain foods Common cereal foods include bread, breakfast cereals and pasta Fats and oils Animal products and processed foods like fried fast food are generally high in saturated fats Fish Eating two or more serves of fish per week can reduce the risk of a range of diseases including dementia, depression and cardiovascular disease Foods from plants and animals Some of the foods we eat come from animals and others come from plants Fruit and vegetables Eating fruit and vegetables can help protect against some diseases including diabetes and some cancers Herbs Use herbs to enhance the flavour of virtually any dish, including desserts Lunch at work Did you know lunch is just as important as breakfast?
Meat and poultry Meat and poultry are a great source of protein and lots of other nutrients your body needs. Nutrition — Summer fruit and vegetables video Salads are a great way for you achieve your 5 serves of vegies every day Nuts and seeds Nuts are a healthy food and a good source of protein and healthy fats Organic food Organic foods are farmed in a more environmentally sustainable way than conventional foods Simple ways to cut down on fat Cutting down on fat is not as hard as you think.
Soft drinks, juice and sweet drinks - children Encourage children to drink and enjoy water. Soft drinks, juice and sweet drinks — limit intake Consumption of drinks containing added sugar is associated with weight gain, reduced bone strength and tooth erosion and decay Vitamins and supplements 10 tips for getting enough vitamin D A balanced UV approach is required to ensure some sun exposure for vitamin D while minimising the risk of skin cancer Antioxidants Antioxidants scavenge free radicals from the body's cells, and prevent or reduce the damage caused by oxidation Calcium If you don't have enough calcium in your diet, your bones will eventually become weak and brittle Folate for pregnant women Even women who aren't planning to have a baby should increase their folate intake in case of unplanned pregnancy Iodine Good sources of iodine include fortified bread and any type of seafood, including seaweed Iron Iron is important for transporting oxygen in the blood Vitamin and mineral supplements Taking vitamin supplements is no substitute for a healthy diet Vitamin B The eight B-group vitamins are essential for various functions within the body Vitamin D A balanced approach to sunlight exposure will help you get enough vitamin D while protecting against skin cancer Vitamin D - maintaining levels in winter video Vitamin D is important for healthy bones, muscles and the nervous system Vitamins - common misconceptions There is no evidence that any one vitamin can slow ageing, restore sex drive or cure infertility Health conditions and food Arthritis and diet No special diet or 'miracle food' can cure arthritis, but some conditions may be helped by avoiding or including certain foods Asthma and food allergies It is important to identify any foods or food chemicals that may trigger your asthma, but this must be done under strict medical supervision Cancer and food Diet can influence your risk of developing some cancers, but there is no evidence that specific foods can cause or cure cancer Cholesterol - healthy eating tips Replacing foods that contain saturated fats with foods that contain polyunsaturated and monounsaturated fats will help to lower your cholesterol Coeliac disease and gluten sensitivity Coeliac disease is an immune disease caused by gluten Diabetes and healthy eating Healthy eating for people with diabetes is no different than for everyone else Food allergy and intolerance Food allergy is an immune response, while food intolerance is a chemical reaction Food poisoning - prevention You can minimise the risk of food poisoning by taking simple precautions Have you had an allergic reaction to packaged food?
Health check This health assessment questionnaire will identify which zones of your lifestyle are contributing to your personal health risk and provide actions you can take to make positive change Heart disease and food A diet low in saturated fats and high in fibre and plant foods can substantially reduce your risk of developing heart disease Huntington's disease and diet issues Weight loss is often associated with Huntington's disease, but it doesn?
Mood and food Your mood can affect your food choices, and your food choices may affect your mood Pregnancy and diet Good nutrition during pregnancy can help to keep you and your developing baby healthy Scurvy Scurvy is uncommon in Australia but anyone whose diet is inadequate in vitamin C is at risk Type 2 diabetes - healthy eating and exercise video People with type 2 diabetes talk about positive lifestyle changes that improve their quality of life Food science and technology Carbohydrates and the glycaemic index The glycaemic index GI can be a useful tool to control blood sugar levels Fibre in food A diet high in fibre keeps the digestive system healthy Food additives The long-term effects of consuming a combination of different additives in our food are currently unknown Food - genetically modified GM Some foods include ingredients that have been genetically modified GM , or are made using ingredients derived from GM organisms Food irradiation Food irradiation can kill insects, moulds and bacteria, but it cannot kill viruses Food labels Food labels carry useful information to help you make good choices about food Food - pesticides and other chemicals Chemicals such as pesticides, antibiotics and hormones are used to boost food production and ensure adequate food supply Food processing and nutrition Careful cooking and storage will help retain the nutrients in your food Mercury in fish Pregnant women and young children should limit consumption of fish that contain high levels of mercury Protein The human body can't store protein, so it must be supplied daily from the foods we eat Salt Too much sodium salt can cause high blood pressure and many other health conditions Sugar Too much sugar in the diet can contribute to health problems, so limit foods and drinks with high amounts of added sugar Planning shopping and cooking 10 tips for healthy shopping Make a shopping list for healthier food choices Breakfast Children who skip breakfast may lack sufficient vitamins and minerals including iron, calcium, zinc and vitamin B Celebrations - Christmas Day the healthy way video Victorian State Public Health Nutritionist, Veronica Graham shows us how to cook a light and healthy Christmas meal without overindulging.
Celebrations - healthy birthday parties video Birthday parties can be healthy as well as fun. Cooking healthy alternatives video Chef Andrew Blake shows people how to cook healthy fish and chips, spring rolls and pancakes Cooking tips for busy people If you lack the time or motivation to cook, try these tips Food shopping - a family's healthy market shop video Food shopping - fresh produce choices at local markets video Reporter Flip Shelton takes us on a tour and shows us what fresh produce is available at a local market Food to have sometimes Junk food should be kept to a minimum.
It usually contains a lot of fat, salt or sugar Healthy budget - tucker talk tips You can buy more food if you spend most of your money on basic healthy foods like bread, cereals, fruit and vegies Healthy cooking tips Eating healthy food doesn't mean giving up your favourite foods and switching to eating only salads Lunch - avoid the fast food fix video Nutritionist Shane Bilsborough shows us how much energy it takes to burn off a fast food lunch.
Lunch boxes - healthy shopping ideas video Victorian State Public Health Nutritionist Veronica Graham takes us shopping for the right foods to include in your childs lunchbox Lunch boxes - how to make them healthy video Victorian State Public Health Nutritionist Veronica Graham shares three healthy and delicious lunchbox examples for the kids and provides some great food preparation tips to save you time throughout Eating iron-rich foods is a key part of treating anemia caused by low iron levels.
You may also need to take iron supplements as well to rebuild iron stores in your body. Iron supplements may be taken as capsules, tablets, chewable tablets, and liquids. The most common tablet size is mg ferrous sulfate. Have your health care provider tell you how many pills you should take each day and when you should take them. Taking more iron than your body needs can cause serious medical problems. Blood counts return to normal after 2 months of iron therapy for most people. You should continue taking supplements for another 6 to 12 months to build up the body's iron stores in the bone marrow.
Iron is absorbed the best on an empty stomach. Yet, iron supplements can cause stomach cramps, nausea, and diarrhea in some people.
You may need to take iron with a small amount of food to avoid this problem. Milk, calcium and antacids should NOT be taken at the same time as iron supplements. You should wait at least 2 hours after having these foods before taking your iron supplements. Some doctors suggest taking a vitamin C supplement or drinking orange juice with your iron pill.
This can help the iron absorb into your body. Drinking 8 ounces milliliters of fluid with an iron pill is also OK. Constipation and diarrhea are very common. If constipation becomes a problem, take a stool softener such as docusate sodium Colace.
Nausea and vomiting may occur with higher doses, but they can be controlled by taking the iron in smaller amounts.
Ask your provider about switching to another form of iron rather than just stopping. Black stools are normal when taking iron tablets.
Do not take iron supplements and antacids or calcium supplements at the same time. It is best to space doses of these 2 products 1 to 2 hours apart, to get the. Your best precaution would be to do your homework on the company responsible for the product and recommendations by making sure. If you have side effects, stop taking the supplement and contact your resources for consumers include Tips for Dietary Supplement Users.