Oregon is a state in the Pacific Northwest region on the West Coast of the United States. The Columbia River delineates much of Oregon's northern boundary. The flag of Oregon is the only state flag with different pictures on each side. On the reverse appears a beaver the state animal. Both sides have a field of navy. Largest county by population and area: Multnomah, , (); Harney, 10, sq mi. With the low-cost electric power provided by dams, Oregon has developed steadily as a manufacturing state. Leading manufactured items are lumber and plywood, metalwork, machinery, aluminum.
Oregon (OR) About
Smith lost his bid for a third term, even though he carried all but eight counties. His Democratic challenger, Jeff Merkley , won Multnomah County by , votes, more than double the overall margin of victory. During Oregon's history, it has adopted many electoral reforms proposed during the Progressive Era , through the efforts of William S. U'Ren and his Direct Legislation League.
Under his leadership, the state overwhelmingly approved a ballot measure in that created the initiative and referendum for citizens to introduce or approve proposed laws or amendments to the state constitution directly, making Oregon the first state to adopt such a system. Today, roughly half of U. In following years, the primary election to select party candidates was adopted in , and in the Oregon Constitution was amended to include recall of public officials. More recent amendments include the nation's first doctor-assisted suicide law,  called the Death with Dignity Act which was challenged, unsuccessfully, in by the Bush administration in a case heard by the U.
Supreme Court , legalization of medical cannabis , and among the nation's strongest anti-urban sprawl and pro-environment laws. However, a further ballot measure in , Measure 49 , curtailed many of the provisions of Of the measures placed on the ballot since , the people have passed 99 of the initiatives and 25 of the 61 referendums on the ballot, though not all of them survived challenges in courts see Pierce v.
Society of Sisters , for an example. During the same period, the legislature has referred measures to the people, of which have passed. Oregon pioneered the American use of postal voting , beginning with experimentation approved by the Oregon Legislative Assembly in and culminating with a ballot measure mandating that all counties conduct elections by mail.
It remains one of just two states, the other being Washington , where voting by mail is the only method of voting. In , Oregon adopted the Oregon Health Plan , which made health care available to most of its citizens without private health insurance.
Electoral College , Oregon casts seven votes. Oregon has supported Democratic candidates in the last eight elections. In the election, Hillary Clinton won Oregon by 11 percentage points.
In , Oregon was 28th in the U. Oregon ranks 33rd in the U. Oregon's unemployment rate was 5. Oregon's diverse landscapes provide ideal environments for various types of farming. Land in the Willamette Valley owes its fertility to the Missoula Floods , which deposited lake sediment from Glacial Lake Missoula in western Montana onto the valley floor.
While the history of the wine production in Oregon can be traced to before Prohibition , it became a significant industry beginning in the s. In , Oregon ranked third among U. In , 71 wineries opened in the state. Cranberry cultivation in Oregon uses about 27, acres square kilometers in southern Coos and northern Curry counties, centered around the coastal city of Bandon. In the northeastern region of the state, particularly around Pendleton , both irrigated and dry land wheat is grown.
Vast forests have historically made Oregon one of the nation's major timber -producing and logging states, but forest fires such as the Tillamook Burn , over-harvesting, and lawsuits over the proper management of the extensive federal forest holdings have reduced the timber produced.
According to data, Australia was the single largest purchaser of the state's lumber. Even the shift in recent years towards finished goods such as paper and building materials has not slowed the decline of the timber industry in the state. The effects of this decline have included Weyerhaeuser 's acquisition of Portland-based Willamette Industries in January , the relocation of Louisiana-Pacific 's corporate headquarters from Portland to Nashville , and the decline of former lumber company towns such as Gilchrist.
Oregon has one of the largest salmon -fishing industries in the world, although ocean fisheries have reduced the river fisheries in recent years. Tourism is also a strong industry in the state. Mount Hood , and Mount Bachelor also draw visitors year round for skiing and snow activities. Portland has also been named the best city in the world for street food by several publications, including the U.
The state's coastal region produces significant tourism as well. The Sea Lion Caves in Florence are the largest system of sea caverns in the United States, and also attract many visitors. Oregon has also historically been a popular region for film shoots due to its diverse landscapes, as well as its proximity to Hollywood see List of films shot in Oregon. Oregon native Matt Groening , creator of The Simpsons , has incorporated many references from his hometown of Portland into the TV series.
High technology industries located in Silicon Forest have been a major employer since the s. Tektronix was the largest private employer in Oregon until the late s. Intel 's creation and expansion of several facilities in eastern Washington County continued the growth that Tektronix had started. Intel, the state's largest for-profit private employer,   operates four large facilities, with Ronler Acres, Jones Farm and Hawthorn Farm all located in Hillsboro.
The spinoffs and startups that were produced by these two companies led to the establishment in that area of the so-called Silicon Forest. The recession and dot-com bust of hit the region hard; many high technology employers reduced the number of their employees or went out of business. Google operates a large datacenter in The Dalles, and Facebook built a large datacenter near Prineville in Amazon opened a datacenter near Boardman in , and a fulfillment center in Troutdale in Oregon is also the home of large corporations in other industries.
The world headquarters of Nike are located near Beaverton. Medford is home to Harry and David , which sells gift items under several brands. Medford is also home to the national headquarters of Lithia Motors.
Portland is home to one of the West's largest trade book publishing houses, Graphic Arts Center Publishing. Oregon is also home to Mentor Graphics Corporation, a world leader in electronic design automation located in Wilsonville and employs roughly 4, people worldwide. Adidas Corporations American Headquarters is located in Portland and employs roughly full-time workers at its Portland campus. Nike's Beaverton campus is continuously ranked as a top employer in the Portland area-along with competitor Adidas.
Intel has been a top employer in Oregon since Federal Government and Providence Health systems are respective contenders for top employers in Oregon with roughly 12, federal workers and 14, Providence Health workers. In , a total of seven companies headquartered in Oregon landed in the Fortune Nike, at ; Precision Castparts Corp.
Oregon is one of only five states that have no sales tax. Oregon has the fifth highest personal income tax in the nation. According to the U. Census Bureau , Oregon ranked 41st out of the 50 states in taxes per capita in with an average amount paid of 1, A few local governments levy sales taxes on services: The tax funds Portland school teachers, and art focused non-profit organizations in Portland.
The State of Oregon also allows transit district to levy an income tax on employers and the self-employed. Oregon is one of six states with a revenue limit. Federal payments to county governments that were granted to replace timber revenue when logging in National Forests was restricted in the s, have been under threat of suspension for several years.
This issue dominates the future revenue of rural counties, which have come to rely on the payments in providing essential services. Oregon was the U. As of the Census , the population of Oregon was 3,, The gender makeup of the state was According to the American Community Survey , The state's most populous ethnic group, non-Hispanic white , has declined from As of [update] , The center of population of Oregon is located in Linn County , in the city of Lyons.
As of [update] , Oregon's population comprised , foreign-born residents. Oregon has frequently been cited by statistical agencies for having a smaller percentage of religious communities than other U. There are an estimated 6, to 10, Muslims in Oregon, most of whom live in and around Portland. During much of the s, a group of conservative Christians formed the Oregon Citizens Alliance , and unsuccessfully tried to pass legislation to prevent "gay sensitivity training" in public schools and legal benefits for homosexual couples.
Projections from the U. Census Bureau show Oregon's population increasing to 4,, by , an increase of In the — school year, the state had , students in public primary and secondary schools.
In , the largest school districts in the state were: Especially since the passage of Measure 5, which set limits on property tax levels, Oregon has struggled to fund higher education.
Since then, Oregon has cut its higher education budget and now ranks 46th in the country in state spending per student. It is home to three public research universities: UO is the state's highest nationally-ranked and most selective  public university by U. The state has three regional universities: The state also supports 17 community colleges. Oregon is home to a wide variety of private colleges, the majority of which are located in the Portland area. Reed College , a rigorous liberal arts college in Portland, was ranked by Forbes as the 52nd best college in the country in Pacific University is in the Portland suburb of Forest Grove.
There are also private colleges further south in the Willamette Valley. Salem is home to two private schools: Willamette University the state's oldest, established during the provisional period and Corban University. The state's second medical school, the College of Osteopathic Medicine of the Pacific, Northwest , is located in Lebanon. Eugene is home to three private colleges: Oregon is home to three major professional sports teams: From the s to the s, the Blazers were one of the most successful teams in the NBA in terms of both win-loss record and attendance.
The Timbers have a strong following, with the team regularly selling out its games. The Thorns, who also play at Providence Park, have won two league championships, in the inaugural season and also in , and have been by far the NWSL's attendance leader in each of the league's seasons. Eugene, Salem and Hillsboro have minor-league baseball teams: Both schools have had recent success in other sports as well: Oregon State won back-to-back college baseball championships in and ,  winning a third in ;  and the University of Oregon won back-to-back NCAA men's cross country championships in and From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
This is the latest accepted revision , reviewed on 8 February This article is about the U. For other uses, see Oregon disambiguation. State of the United States of America. List of regions of Oregon. Native American peoples of Oregon and Kennewick Man. Admission to the Union and List of U. List of cities and unincorporated communities in Oregon.
Largest cities or towns in Oregon Source: Political party strength in Oregon. Oregon locations by per capita income. List of freshwater fishes of Oregon. Tourism near Portland and Tourism in Portland. List of people from Oregon ; List of people from Portland, Oregon ; and Oregon locations by per capita income.
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Retrieved April 2, Crater Lake National Park: It lies inside a caldera, or volcanic basin, created when the 12, foot 3, meter high Mount Mazama collapsed 7, years ago following a large eruption. Scholastic Library Publishing September Reading level: Presents information about Oregon's people, geography, history, landmarks, natural resources, government, state capitol, towns and cities, and more. Gareth Stevens Publishing August Reading level: Filled with the most up-to-date information, including the latest Census results.
Full-color photos bring to life the story of Oregon. In addition to an in-depth factual profile of Oregon in the form of a state Almanac, this book offers fascinating and lively discussions of the state's history, people, geography, government, economy, culture, and lifestyles. A section on Notable People, a calendar of events, and enough primary source documents, time lines, maps, and other tools to make this unquestionably the best young adult reference material on the USA available anywhere.
Facts about Oregon , by Andrea Jarvela. Packed to the gills with fact-filled bits of information and trivia, this almanac promises to be an unending source of entertainment for the inquisitive and the curious at heart. How about the difference between a hoedad and a webfoot? What became of the Pixie Kitchen and the vanished Lambert Gardens?
The Oregon Companion is an A-Z handbook of over people, places, and things. From Abernethy and beaver money to houseboats, railroads, and the Zigzag River, an intrepid public historian separates fact from fiction -- with his sense of humor intact.
Entries include towns and cities, counties, rivers, lakes, and mountains; people who have left a mark on Oregon; industries, products, crops, and natural resources.
Includes more than historical black and white photos. This entertaining and delightfully meticulous compendium is an essential reference for anyone curious about Oregon. General History of Oregon , by Charles H. From the 15th century through early statehood, it is the record of every significant historical event, social force, and trend in the vast area known as the Oregon Country. Chapter notes and References.
Graphic Arts Center Publishing Company August 5, Beginning in when Oregon was only a territory , past the conflicts of wars both civil and international, and on to the new millennium, The Oregon Story: The historical photographs and engaging stories in this unique and splendid volume focus on the Oregonians who were significant in shaping each decade, and give a detailed and evocative account of what life was like in each period of Oregon's modern development.
See the city of Portland grow from "Stumptown" into the jewel of the Willamette. Hear about men who lost everything in the Depression, yet gave us our priceless legacy in Timberline Lodge. Based on an intriguing illustrated series of articles called "An Oregon Century" in The Oregonian , this expanded history spans the existence of the Northwest's largest newspaper, the oldest continuously operating business in Portland.
This fascinating look at a remarkable state, rich with photographs, facts, and timelines, will enable you to know and enjoy Oregon as you never have before. Roadside History of Oregon , by Bill Gulick.
Mountain Press Publishing Company; 1st edition June 1, This volume takes the reader through time, from Lewis and Clark's journey along the Columbia River to pioneer town-builders at the end of the Oregon Trail, from the tenders of lonely lighthouses off the storm-wracked coast to the Chinese miners working the depths of Hells Canyon. Such a book is "Roadside History of Oregon".
It makes for fascinating reading. No copyright is claimed on non-original or licensed material. The Beaver State Oregon is called "The Beaver State" because of the association of beavers with the early history of the state and because of the admirable qualities of intelligence, industry, and ingenuity that are associated with this animal.
The Hard-case State or "The Land of Hard Cases" was a nickname that was given to Oregon because of the hardships encountered by early settlers in the area. People who live in Oregon or who come from Oregon are called Oregonians. The Oregon Companion Richard H.
25 Magnificent Facts About Oregon
If you're going to live in Oregon, the first thing to know is that you don't live in Oregon, you experience Oregon. Oregon: Oregon, constituent state of the U.S. It is bounded to the north by Washington, to the east by Idaho, to the south by Nevada and. Following exploration by the Spanish and French, in the 17th and 18th centuries, Oregon was mapped by the Lewis and Clark expedition in their search for the.