Our blog showcases the latest news in the ever growing cannabidiol industry. See as CBD oil gets mentioned by Michael Pollan, CNN's Sanjay Gupta and more!. In this edition of Cannabis Conversations, Project CBD Director, Martin A. Lee, discusses the benefits of CBD, the "entourage effect" and the microbiome with Dr. MONDAY, May 7, (HealthDay News) -- Cannabidiol (CBD) oil has become the hot new product in states that have legalized medical marijuana.
TO CBD? NEW
These receptors fall into two types: CB1 receptors are found mainly in the brain but also in the liver, kidneys, and lungs , while CB2 receptors are found mainly in the immune system.
As we discussed above, there are several types of cannabinoids. Even within phytocannabinoids, there are wide ranges of compounds and effects that we are still learning about. Other cannabinoids, like CBD, have fewer direct effects on the endocannabinoid system keep this in mind as you read the next section. Cannabinoids represent a diverse class of chemical compounds that can be very different from each other.
For example, arachidonoylethanolamine AEA is produced within the body and is thought to regulate several functions. For example, CB1 receptors send signals that regulate senses, while cannabinoids that interact with CB2 receptors can at the same time affect gastrointestinal response and peripheral nervous system sensitivity. Also, since people often take numerous different cannabinoids together for example, using medical marijuana , it is hard to attribute specific effects to specific cannabinoids.
In addition, some cannabinoids interact synergistically, producing unique effects that are not found when using them individually.
However, CBD does this and produces many other effects without directly interacting with the cannabinoid receptors. At first, scientists thought there was a third type of CB receptor just for Cannabidiol, but the answer was far more interesting and revealing. The indirect interactions of CBD with the endocannabinoid system has many effects, some of which surprised scientists and are still being researched.
However, scientists are still unclear about how some effects of Cannabidiol are actually occurring. The most possible explanation is via the hypothetical GPR55 receptor, or through more indirect and synergistic effects that still await discovery.
Contrary to how most cannabinoids function, CBD interacts very mildly with the cannabinoid receptors themselves and instead either helps other cannabinoids to be better absorbed or stops the effects of whatever makes the receptors work less effectively. The endocannabinoid system is closely interconnected with the nervous and immune system. You may have heard some people say that marijuana and hemp are exactly the same, while others swear they are different.
The debate of hemp vs marijuana is fueled by the confusion and misinformation that surround the cannabis plant. In this article, we will dispel several myths and shed light on the differences between industrial hemp and marijuana.
As you may know, industrial hemp and marijuana come from the same genus of flowering plant— cannabis. This means that there may be multiple types of the cannabis plant, which are all cannabis but have remarkable differences.
Cannabis sativa is the most common strain of cannabis. It has been cultivated throughout history for a number of purposes, including the production of seed oil, food, hemp fiber for clothes and rope , medicine, and even recreation. Cannabis ruderalis is a species native to Russia that flowers earlier and is able to withstand harsher conditions than Cannabis sativa and Cannabis indica.
It is the hardiest of the three, but it is relatively poor in terms of cannabinoids as ruderalis has a lower THC content than either sativa or indica. Cannabis indica was first discovered in India and is a cannabis species that is described as shorter and bushier than sativa. Problems with botanical taxonomy have led some scientists to still doubt the existence of Cannabis indica as a distinct species of cannabis.
However, since man has been cultivating cannabis and especially Cannabis sativa for thousands of years, the effects of artificial selections have led to several different types of cannabis even within the same species, depending on the purpose the cannabis was cultivated for. Cannabis has been cultivated by humans, for a variety of purposes, since antiquity.
So it comes as no surprise that there are several different species and even different varieties within the species, depending on the purpose the plants were bred for.
Through artificial selection, different species of cannabis have different properties—some have been used for medicinal purposes, others as food, and others to create clothes, ropes, and other items. Industrial hemp is produced by strains of Cannabis sativa that have been cultivated to produce minimal levels of THC and are instead artificially selected and bred to grow taller and sturdier.
This is done to enable the plant to be used effectively in the production of hemp oil, wax, resin, hemp seed food, animal feed, fuel, cloth, rope, and more. Industrial hemp is exclusively made from Cannabis sativa. Medical marijuana is produced mainly from variants of Cannabis sativa that have been selectively bred to maximize their concentration in cannabinoids. Cannabis ruderalis is almost exclusively grown due to its naturally occurring very small quantities of THC.
The major and arguably the only difference between industrial hemp and medical marijuana is that industrial hemp is exclusively made from Cannabis sativa that was specifically bred to produce the lowest concentrations of THC possible. Hemp-producing cannabis has tall, fibrous stalks that are very strong and have very few flowering buds.
On the on the other hand, marijuana strains are short, bushy, and have high amounts of THC. Since industrial hemp is naturally rich in CBD and has been bred to have only trace amounts of THC, many people today are turning to industrial hemp products as an alternative to medical marijuana. Medical marijuana is not legal in all states in the US and many countries worldwide, while products made from industrial hemp can be a safe and legal alternative. Industrial hemp products are completely safe, as they are made according to federal standards and are produced in FDA-registered facilities within the US.
Most of our readers know you can get Cannabidiol CBD products made from industrial hemp. Many of you also know that you can get CBD products from medical marijuana.
Yes, medical marijuana can contain any level of THC whereas CBD products from industrial hemp contain negligible amounts. But what about the CBD? In regards to its chemical composition, which is precisely known to scientists, CBD remains unchanged regardless of which plant produces it.
There is no room for different interpretations and the substance is just that. This is pure chemistry and allows no room for ambiguity. However, the main question people have is not just about the CBD compound, which is constant from plant to plant, but the actual difference in CBD oil from various plants. In the future, the government is planning to redevelop the town centre of Jurong East into a secondary satellite CBD.
South Africa's largest cities, namely Cape Town , Durban , Johannesburg , Pretoria , and Port Elizabeth , have CBDs which house the headquarters of many of the country's largest companies, as well as convention centres, and the cities' tallest buildings.
The biggest central business districts of Spain are located in the country's capital, Madrid. The Paseo de la Castellana holds the city's main business districts: It used to be the country's main business area during the s and s, when most of its skyscrapers were built. The Gate of Europe consists of two twin towers, which hold Spanish bank Bankia and real state company Realia.
The tallest building, the Torre de Cristal , is the fourth tallest building is Western Europe , with a height of metres. A fifth tower is currently being built and will have the campus of the Instituto de Empresa university. In Barcelona , the 22 and Granvia l'Hospitalet are the main business districts.
Despite the fact that the Catalan capital does not have a reputation for skyscrapers and financial hubs, in the recent years it has attracted several media and technology companies such as Microsoft and Yahoo! In , the Torre Agbar , designed by French architect Jean Nouvel , became the third tallest building in the city with a height of metres. The building soon became a symbol of Barcelona and was going to become a Hyatt hotel. However, the tower is still empty due to administrative problems.
Cities like Bilbao and Valencia are also considered to have important business districts but at a much smaller scale.
Bilbao has completely transformed its city centre in the last 20 years, and now holds several main offices of banks like BBVA and Kutxabank as well as the Iberdrola Tower , a metre skyscraper which belongs to Spanish electric company Iberdrola.
Kaohsiung - second largest city in Taiwan , containing many CBDs. In Taiwan, terms "city centre" Chinese: There are many central business districts located on the island of Taiwan. In Taipei , the capital city of Taiwan Republic of China , the area around its main railway station or Zhongzheng District is regarded as the historic city centre whilst the Xinyi District or Eastern District of Taipei located to the east of the said railway station is the current CBD of Taipei, being both the modern financial and economic district and the premier shopping area, including the location of Taipei , Taiwan's tallest building, rising The alternative term city centre is used in United Kingdom and Ireland.
In British-influenced countries, such as the Commonwealth realms , former British territories, also use many of the same terms, but also have many characteristics of British cities. In the UK, Australia and South Africa, the term is often just shortened to "city", as in "going to the city"; it is often also called "town" "going in to town", "going up town", or "going down town". One exception is in London where "the City" specifically refers to the City of London one of the two main financial districts , rather than to any other part of London.
In the United States, central business districts are often called "downtown" even if there is no "uptown". In most cities the downtown area will be home to the financial district, but usually contains entertainment and retail of some kind as well.
Louis , and Houston , are also home to large sports and convention venues. Historic sections of a central business district may be called "old town", while decaying parts of the centre city are commonly called the " inner city ".
The term inner city is sometimes used evocatively, applying a negative connotation and referring to peripheral areas that suffered economically from white flight. Some cities in the United States, such as Minneapolis, Minnesota , and Dallas, Texas , have mixed use districts known as "uptown" in addition to the primary downtown core areas.
In some cities, such as Cincinnati, Ohio ; Charlotte, North Carolina ; Chicago, Illinois and Oklahoma City, Oklahoma , "uptown" is instead the historic name for a separate business center or neighbourhood. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and Wilmington, Delaware use the term Center City instead of downtown for their central business districts. In other cities, like Los Angeles , Indianapolis , and Omaha , the city core is simply known as "downtown".
Jacksonville, Florida refers to its central business district as the Urban Core , a term which is also sometimes applied to its denser surrounding neighborhoods. In New Orleans, Louisiana , the phrase central business district is used; and while downtown is sometimes used synonymously, traditionally it referred to parts of the city downriver from Canal Street , which did not include the CBD.
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CBD Information – The Ultimate Cannabidiol Information Guide
CBD is everywhere lately — in skincare, coffee and even pet treats. But is it really all it's hyped up to be? The answer isn't so clear. Advocates. All the latest breaking news on CBD. Browse The Independent's complete collection of articles and commentary on CBD. 5 days ago In New York City and beyond, health departments are stopping restaurants from dosing customers with cannabidiol.