Information on bottle bills (beverage container deposit laws) throughout the these resources will help you gain understanding, from how bottle bills work From the United States to Canada to the rest of the world, bottle bills are everywhere. Following the implementation of bottle bills in various states, container litter has been Aluminum cans are gradually being supplanted by plastic bottles. . (13) Table ES-1, “Understanding Beverage Container Recycling: A Value Chain. The eleven states that currently have bottle deposit laws (see table) recycle more "Understanding Beverage Container Recycling: A Value Chain Assessment.
bottle the states Understanding what it on
Beyond-use dates are shorter because the manufacturer's original container has been opened in the repackaging process and it's often packaged in other than the original container, exposing the medicine to ambient atmospheric conditions.
The beyond use date is not later than the expiration date on the manufacturer's container or one year from the date the drug is dispensed, whichever is earlier. The effectiveness of a medicine may decrease over time, but studies have shown for most medications that much of the original potency still remains years after the expiration date. So, if you have a headache one night, and you reach for your bottle of ibuprofen and find that it expired last year, chances are high that the medicine still has retained most of its potency.
It is still advisable though to replace medicines that have expired or reached their beyond use date to be sure you are using the most up-to-date product, with proper potency, and with the most up-to-date instructions for use. Since you last purchased the product, new dosing instructions or warnings may have been advised by FDA, the strength may have changed to reduce the risk of errors, a new dosing device may be available to help measure doses more accurately, the product may be packaged in a new container more child-resistant than an older version of the drug, and so on.
So, clean out your medicine supplies regularly, and replace any medicines that are more than a year or two beyond its expiration date.
Get the news you need to start your day. Understanding the meaning of expiration dates on drug labels.
December 24, - Sign Up Morning Newsletter. Never Miss a Story. But we cannot recycle all plastics. Some plastic bottles change in chemical properties after a certain amount of time. And the bottles can leak chemicals or grow bacteria, which can make us sick. Thankfully, we now have the technology to recycle PET plastic and turn them into new things.
Things such as carpets, stuffings for toys, life jackets, or even a sweater. Every country and every city has its own laws and rules about recycling but the process to recycle PET bottles are more or less the same. After you throw away a plastic bottle in the recycling bin, the recycling company picks them up. They then bring them to the closest plastic recycling facility.
At the recycling facility, the first thing the workers will do is sort out all the materials. Machines and humans work together to sort and pick out anything that is not recyclable. Afterwards, they'll sort the bottles by types of plastic and colors. Sorting is crucial in the recycling process. Many people do not toss away their trash in the right bins.
The sorting process is to make sure nothing unrecyclable gets mixed in and contaminates the rest of the batch. These numbers tell us what kind of plastic they are. This makes the plastic easier to clean. Once they're small enough, they'll go through a washing stage where each piece is washed with warm soapy water. The goal here is to remove all the labels, all the residues from glue, and sanitize everything. Once the PET pieces are cleaned and broken down even further into smaller flakes in a machine called the granulator.
After that, machines clean them again if needed. At this point, we call these flakes rPET or recycled plastic bottle flakes. Once all the bottles are sorted and cleaned, testing begins. Each rPET batch is tested to see if they meet food-grade standards. They also contend that bottle bills reduce sales and eliminate jobs in the container manufacturing industry.
These arguments are not true! The following is a list of common arguments made by bottle bill opponents, followed by facts that support the case for bottle bills. More important, the upstream environmental effects of container wasting are disproportionately high. Read more about the significant impact bottle bills have on litter. Curbside recycling and deposit systems are not mutually exclusive.
Together they can be part of a comprehensive approach to recycling. Not only are combined curbside and deposit systems more effective than curbside recycling programs alone, the materials collected through deposit programs are of a much higher quality than materials collected through curbside recycling programs. Read more on how Bottle Bills complement curbside recycling. Bottle bill opponents call bottle bills "a tax". Virginia State Senator Madison Marye has about the best answer yet.
He once said, "Well sir, I sure wish all my taxes were refundable, like container deposits. One-way, throwaway, no-deposit, no-return beverage containers are a corporate subsidy, a hidden tax. Taxpayers absorb the cost of disposing of beverage containers! Taxpayers absorb the costs of unsightly, dangerous beverage container litter! And many taxpayers absorb the costs of recycling beverage containers through curbside recycling programs.
When there is a refundable deposit on beverage containers, the consumers not taxpayers pay the deposit. The deposit is refunded if the container is returned. And the beverage distributors and bottlers absorb the cost of collection.
Understanding the meaning of expiration dates on drug labels
In July , the Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection undertook research3 on the impact of expansion to include water bottles in that state. Understanding the Elaborate Process Behind PET Bottle Recycling. PET Bottle The United States is one of the biggest consumers of plastic. Yet, only ten. Why Are There So Few States with 'Bottle Bill' Laws? . I do not understand how anyone could consider a deposit fee a "tax" because it is.