This short checklist of a dozen items is designed to get you started and headed in the right Memory/Film If you choose an analog camera, you'll need film. However, it's also very easy to waste a lot of money and have little to show for it. Before you start your first campaign, there are some things you'll need to. Want to get started with audio recording? In this post I However, as you'll eventually discover, the topic of studio microphones is a pretty huge subject. Which is.
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When entering the camera market, your first consideration will be what to explore first—digital or analog film. The vast majority of us reach for digital cameras these days; once you choose that path, there are three basic options: We have a good breakdown of the types of digital cameras in this article and a similar breakdown here.
In the realm of 35mm film cameras, you have the option of SLRs and point-and-shoots. The verdict is still out and will always be out on whether your first lens should be a zoom or a prime lens. A prime lens has a fixed focal length, which requires the photographer to move to frame a picture rather than the lens doing the work by zooming in and out.
We are not going to settle the zoom versus prime argument here, but be sure to buy a UV filter and lens cloth to keep your optics clean , for whatever lens or lenses you choose. Make sure you get the correct type of card for your particular camera. It should not be ignored. Group portraits when you are in the photo? There are lots more. Invest in a good tripod. The Internet is a great resource as well but, at least for me, it is the words and images from photography books that have resonated the most.
Of course, you can always buy a huge memory card and just take a ton of photos and never remove them from the camera, but that might defeat the purpose of making the images in the first place. You can organize folders of images on your computer, but software is needed to browse and edit them efficiently.
If you want to make adjustments to the way the pictures look, you will need post-processing software. You can do some amazing things with neutral density filters and polarizers that cannot be simulated with software. Time Like any hobby, passion, or pursuit, photography takes time. Check the Modifier page for more info about them, we'll not cover it here. The slot of the currently selected item in the hotbar will be slightly larger than the other slots and have a highlighted background color, with the name of the item listed above the hotbar.
This item will be used when you click the left mouse button. The current selection can be changed by:. If you do not want to accidentally click on other hotbar slots the third feature , you can lock the hotbar by clicking on the padlock button to the left of the hotbar while the inventory is open. To toggle the feature back on simply click on the padlock one more time to unlock it again.
Try it now with the Copper Axe: If you move the mouse pointer now you will see the axe attached to it. Point to one of the empty slots in the lower portion of the inventory, and click once more to place the axe down in the slot. What you've done is moved an item from the hotbar into a storage slot. Items in storage slots cannot be used directly when the inventory is closed, unlike items in the hotbar - they are simply being carried by your character.
Move the axe back to a hotbar slot. While the inventory is open you may pick up and rearrange the items in the hotbar to your liking. Later in the game when you acquire more items you'll have to decide which items to have accessible in the hotbar, while everything else is put into storage. Generally you'll want your best Tools and Weapons in the hotbar, along with at least one Light source , and one type of Blocks.
You might accidentally drop your items you can do it with Throw button, which is not bound by default. Favorite items can't be trashed or dropped, and have a different icon in the inventory. It's recommended to do this with your Copper Pickaxe, Axe and Shortsword. You can unfavorite items by doing the same procedure. Below the hotbar is the remainder of the inventory. Additionally, you have a trash slot, and columns of 4 slots apiece for coins and ammunition.
On the lower right is a separate section for equipment and accessories, while below left is the Crafting section. For the purposes of this guide these sections will be ignored - you can look them up later in the detailed Inventory article. All characters begin with health points indicated by five hearts and can currently go up to via Life Crystals , then further boosted to with Life Fruits , found only in Hardmode. Health starts regenerating after a short period of not taking damage.
Standing still increases the rate of regeneration. New characters start with 20 mana, represented by 1 star. As the maximum mana is increased by using Mana Crystals , additional stars will be displayed below the original.
You can have up to Maximum Mana, which are 10 stars in total. You can further increase Mana by equipping specific Armor and Accessories. Mana regenerates shortly after mana usage is stopped, and at a much faster baseline rate compared to health regeneration. After loading up the world your character will be standing at the spawn point, with an NPC nearby, the Guide.
Start by selecting the Copper Pickaxe in the hotbar. The blocks will break and can be picked up by standing your character close enough to them.
Notice that the blocks you picked up are now displayed in another slot of your hotbar. Continue until you have at least 5 blocks. The number of blocks in the slot is indicated by the number displayed there.
Note that you need to place blocks on top of existing block, as they cannot be placed free-floating in mid-air unless there is a background wall they can adhere to. If you've done this correctly, a block from your hotbar should be placed with a "thump". Your character must be close enough to place the blocks - if you are too far away nothing will happen. You can also place inventory items which aren't in a hotbar slot by opening your inventory, grabbing the desired item, and then clicking where you want to place it.
This only works when the Autopause setting is off. You can remove any previously placed blocks by digging them back out with your Pickaxe, even the block originally connecting to the ground - blocks above it will not fall due to gravity. There are some exceptions, such as Sand and Silt , which do fall when there are no supporting blocks below them.
You might find it fun to run around exploring before building a house. You can do that. Nothing permanently bad will happen. The worst that will happen is that you will "die". But all dying means is that you lose some of your Coins , and you go back to your Spawn Point. You would not lose any of your gear. And since at most, you'll only have a few coppers from killing monsters, losing that means nothing.
You'll get lots more money later. The catch about running around exploring is that within 15 minutes, night will fall and the stronger, harder to defeat, Monsters will come out. They will quickly kill you. Sure, you'll be reincarnated at your Spawn Point, but they will kill you there, too. That will go on for another 9 minutes, until Dawn comes. Nine minutes of boring un-fun. You may find it more fun to start by building a base of operations, then go exploring.
You will lose all your Coins and gear if your character dies in Mediumcore. Your character will also be deleted if you choose Hardcore. A base of operations is somewhere to protect you against the Monsters that come out at night, and to store the inevitable hoard of loot you will amass. Shelter is especially important for NPCs because they will only move in or respawn after being killed if there is a place for them to stay.
So let's start by building a house for the Guide. Once you've obtained around pieces of Wood, find a nice spot of land - use the Pickaxe to flatten the ground and fill any holes with the dirt blocks you dug up. If you're afraid of running out of Wood, you can replant Trees by placing Acorns they drop when you chop one down, but they take some time to grow.
Craft a Work Bench ;. Craft a Door and replace some blocks of one wall with it;. Craft some Wood Walls and cover the interior of the house with it;. Craft and place Torches , a Table , and a Chair ;. Assign the house to an NPC, in this case the Guide. All you need to do is follow the steps shown in the image gallery above. If you find yourself lost, confused, or unsure, just follow the steps below:.
If you're unable to build a suitable house in time, you can dig a hole below the terrain, hide inside it and close the ceiling with Dirt. When Night falls, all NPCs will return to their designated houses and stop moving. NPCs without housing will mill around warily - generally this doesn't happen because NPCs only spawn into a world when their requirements are met in addition to there being an empty house for them to move into.
Still, it's possible to dismantle a house after an NPC moves in, leaving them stranded - for example, if you demolished their house in order to build a better replacement. You can temporarily surround them with blocks of dirt to prevent monsters from reaching them. While making your first house, you might have fought off and dispatched several Slimes. However, there is a small chance that your first day went by without a single monster spawning. Here, the guide will show players how to fight in Terraria.
During the night, you will find many sorts of Demon Eye and Zombies. As they are hard to slaughter in when starting out, you'll find many more weapons making it easier to kill Zombies, Demon Eyes, and many more Monsters. But for now, let's stick to the basics. Taking damage and dying will be an inevitable part of early life in Terraria, and unless the player has set a Spawn point , they will re-spawn at the initial Spawn point.
Depending on the time of day, there will be different kinds of Monsters. All monsters in the game drop Coins in addition to a possibility of a Monster-specific drop. It's time to begin the wonderful process that is getting upgrades, as there are no advancement paths apart from the power that comes from better gear.
However, a Workbench will not be enough to craft our gear; a Furnace is needed. A Furnace will serve to transform Ore into Bars and can also be used to make glass and ceramic items , which are the main building materials of weapons, tool, and armor.
Venture out and find deposits of Stone , and mine up at least 20 blocks of stone. Torches are also needed for creating a Furnace, so make sure to kill a few slimes to get a bit of Gel. Finally, a small bit of Wood is all that's needed.
Head to the Workbench and craft a Furnace, then place it down. Ore is a fundamental material in Terraria, and in order to survive the later sections of the game you will forge and create a lot of Bars. While exploring the world keep an eye out for odd colored blocks as these will most likely be ore deposits. The picture to the right 1 shows the five most common types of ore and stone.
We also need to make an Iron Anvil or Lead Anvil some worlds will have lead instead of iron. Anvils are used to create items from bars. Go out and find some Iron Ore or Lead Ore. When placed down preferably next to the Furnace an entire new set of Recipes become available. The surface has its share of ore, but in order to get the best items in the game, you have to dig a bit deeper.
It is highly advisable to begin gathering materials for a few Buffs. A fresh character on a new map can quickly gather Sand and Daybloom necessary for some early buff potions, as well as the Daybloom Seeds and Clay used to begin Gardening with Clay Pots. All Buff potions use Bottled Water , at least one of the six Herbs , and in most cases another item such as Ore , enemy drops, or other naturally occurring objects. Two of the earliest buffs that can be easily concocted are the Regeneration Potion and the Ironskin Potion , and for the early game can significantly improve your survivability.
There are a few options when choosing how to dig: Digging straight down or searching for an open cave to explore. At this early stage in the game use caution when digging holes. Using the blocks picked up while digging or creating Wood Platforms , you can construct a way back.
Another thing to watch out for is deep caverns. When falling great distances the character will take damage. When underground there will be no light. To illuminate your area and see, you can hold a torch in your hand by putting a torch stack in your hotbar and selecting it.
However, you will be unable to use anything else while holding the torch. You can stick a torch on a wall or on the ground by left clicking where you want to place it.
This will not only let you see mobs so you can fight them, but you can leave behind a trail of torches to see mobs coming at a greater distance, mark the way back out, and show where and how far you've gone if you come back to the same cave to explore further. In addition to placing torches, you can throw one the T button by default , which is useful for seeing what's at the bottom of a pit, and how far down it goes unlike with all other items in the game, throwing a torch only throws one item in the stack , instead of the whole stack.
When exploring caves you will frequently come across pots. You can smash these with a weapon or tool to get some loot. Less common are chests and golden chests. When you are near or in front of a chest you can right click, which will show your inventory and below your inventory the contents of the chest.
You can click on a chest item to grab it, then click again on an inventory square to put it in your inventory. Alternatively, you could click "Loot All" to the right of the chest contents grid to grab everything in the chest.
Once the chest is empty you can repeatedly hit it with your pickaxe in order to pick it up and take it with you, and then place it elsewhere like you'd place any other piece of furniture if the chest isn't completely empty then it will remain there no matter how many times you hit it. It's recommended that you take a few of the chests you find back to your house to store stuff with, since crafting your own chest or barrel uses Iron Bars , and you'll want to save up your iron for other purposes.
Another thing you'll run into underground is cobwebs , which slow you down when you try to move through them. I list them only because people ask me what plugins I use. You can read more about that in my plugins tips post. Still, there are two plugins I would recommend installing right away because they help with two universal, important blogging issues.
Otherwise, it lies dormant on your site in its deactivated state, which is not ideal. Either activate or delete a plugin. A present but deactivated plugin is just wasted space. You might also see a plugin listed in the black left column of your Dashboard. Yoast SEO is accessible this way. Most plugins come with a default configuration which is fine to start with.
Simply go to the appropriate website where the plugin can be purchased or downloaded in its zipped form. Click the Choose File button, find the zipped file and click Install Now. HTTP indicates a secure site. This gives visitors peace of mind. This option is only available once your domain registration is fully completed and you are no longer on your temporary domain. If your site is still using a temporary domain, put a reminder on your calendar to come back in hours to finish this step.
If you are using an existing domain registered elsewhere, check with that company about getting an SSL certificate. Click here for the instructions to secure your site in your Bluehost account. After doing so, give it a little bit of time to catch up. At any time, from your WordPress Dashboard, hover over the house icon in the top left corner of the screen.
Many are eager to start tweaking their blog design at this point, but I suggest getting some content in there first. Another reason I recommend waiting is because Gutenberg gives you some options in the way of page and post design, and might cross off some of the things on your design wish list.
For example, this is what I would type to get to my WordPress login screen: Also, you can always log in to WordPress by logging in to your Bluehost account first. I use and recommend WordPress, but not through WordPress. This guide teaches you how to start a self-hosted WordPress blog, the platform preferred by me, as well as beginner and veteran bloggers alike.
You can still use. My guess is you have a general idea of what you want to blog about. Write around a general topic. This is called your niche.
Examples of popular niches are food, decorating, memoir, homeschooling, fitness or weight loss, parenting and photography. Find a topic with a good number of interested people and plenty of potential subtopics, but a topic that not as many other people are writing about.
It would be very hard to become the go-to resource in that niche who wants to compete with National Geographic? See what I mean? Keep in mind, there is such a thing as niching down too much! If your topic is too narrow, the pool of interested readers will be too small to gain traction. Now, not so much. There are definitely niches that are really, really full and therefore difficult to break into.
How do you know? If you can easily find several dozen popular blogs on the topic, you might rethink your topic. Spend time watching the main players. I talked about it here , but the main things to remember are:. A lot of new bloggers fail to think beyond their own interests when starting a blog. Below are five overarching areas that seem to attract the most readers.
Most of all, remember, the goal for any blog is to become the go-to resource in its topic or niche. A common beginner mistake is thinking you have to be sure of a topic to start. I get many emails from people asking me if I think their blog topic idea is a good one. After all, who wants to put time and energy into something that gets no visitors?
The first thing to know is, there are blogs on almost every topic imaginable — from awkward family photos to jello mold recipes and everything in between — that have plenty of followers. I completely understand this as well. Who wants to put time and energy into something that makes no money?
Again, there are blogs on almost every conceivable topic making money. The topic itself is usually not the problem.
A quick way to tell if others are making money in a particular topic or niche is to do a Google search. Do ads show up at the top of the search results when you type in main keywords for that topic? Posts are what we commonly think about when we think of a blog. These are individual articles on specific topics. When we talk about adding new content to our blogs, we are usually referring to publishing a new post. And when we scroll through a blog, we are usually scrolling through the posts.
Pages, on the other hand, contain more permanent or unchanging information. Instead, they are usually accessed through direct links in the the navigation bar, sidebar or footer.
Some Pages are common on all blogs, like a contact page and an about page, but some bloggers include other pages as well. This helps your blog look more credible and trustworthy. Some blogs list their posts on their homepage or main page. Go to my homepage to see what I mean. A static homepage usually provides an overview of the site and includes a link to the blog where the posts are listed , as well as links to other parts of the site.
Now that you know the difference, what do you want on your homepage? Blog posts or a static page? Visit your homepage to see. If your current theme makes your blog posts show up on your homepage, but you want to use a static page instead, make these simple adjustments:. Your title will show up at the top of your homepage, so keep that in mind.
Now, write the content for your homepage underneath your title. Do not type anything in the post window. Limiting the number of posts that show up your homepage or blog pages is often a good idea.
Doing so can make your site load faster, especially if your posts are image-heavy. Also, fewer posts can make it easier for those reading on mobile because it cuts down on scrolling. Mine is set to five. Your About page is one of the most important parts of your site and is often one of the most visited pages. Writing a good one is essential. Make sure a visitor will know within the first few lines of your About page how your site will help them. Anticipate what a new visitor would want to know.
Provide links to other pages on your site once you have them of course. Providing contact information to your visitors is important. Blogging is a form of social media and building relationships is key. Being contact-able is that a word? I set up my contact page FAQ-style in an attempt to avoid emails I get repeatedly.
This gives you a chance to make meaningful connections and start building those relationships. A simple listing of where you can be found on social media, your email address and perhaps a short blurb encouraging them to reach out is excellent.
Instead I write it out like this: AmyLynnAndrews at gmail dot com. I do this to cut down on spam. The idea is to throw off any bots crawling the web hunting for the standard email format, harvesting it and blasting me with unwanted emails.
It might just be a holdover from my younger blogging days. I should research this again. Using a form usually requires a plugin and I really try to avoid plugins, as I mentioned above. Plus, a glitch in even a well-coded plugin can botch an entire site. Also, I have a theory that a contact page without a form cuts down on time-wasting emails. If you do use a form on your Contact page, make sure you test it regularly to make sure it works!
You can use the drafted page already set up for you as a template or you can use a generator like this one or this one. The following are additional pages you might consider creating, although you could hold off on them until you get a tiny bit further along in the process.
Writing and publishing a post in WordPress is pretty straightforward. Here are the basic steps, as well as some handy tips.
Instead, kick off your blog with a really meaty, useful post. I recommend having 2 or 3 really thorough, in-depth posts when you launch, and more posts in various stages — drafts to be edited, outlines to flesh out and topic ideas ready to write.
Yoast, the SEO guy, calls these posts cornerstone content. They are also referred to as evergreen posts because they are timeless or pillar posts. Make your post even more thorough and in depth. This is a common technique called the Skyscraper Technique explained by Brian Dean. For even more ideas, on the Side Hustle Nation podcast at 28 minutes , Nick Loper talks about a definition post and a fishbone post:. Gutenberg is a significant update to WordPress that went live in mid December It introduces a significant change to how content is entered into WordPress.
Before, writing posts and pages was entered into WordPress much like a text editor. Formatting options were usually hand-coded or tweaked using a plugin. Gutenberg blocks accommodate certain type of information. For example, you can use an image block to insert images into a post or page, or a file block to insert PDFs. Each block has its own styling options which makes it easy to make your posts and pages look just how you want.
Before publishing your post not after, otherwise you may break your link! A major benefit to this is not slowing down your site while WordPress constantly autosaves as you go. To create a link in your post, highlight the text you want to be the link and click the link icon looks like a chain link in the formatting options box. Categories are used to define the general topics on your blog and tags are used to drill down a bit further into your content.
Tags are more specific — too specific to be categories themselves. If you do, use as many as is necessary to keep your information organized without getting messy. I would organize my posts into a handful of categories into which most of my posts would fit nicely. Making a special category for Nordstrom would be impractical as I would then have to make separate categories for all the other stores I shop at.
If your post is ready to be published, you can publish it immediately or schedule it to be published at a future day and time. Then hit the Publish button at the top of the screen.
Also, setting the date and time is not enough. You can make your post public, private or password protected. Public is normal and makes it available to all. Private keeps it, well, private, allowing access to only site admins and editors. Password protected means anyone who wants to see the post has to type in the password you set before seeing the post. In WordPress, this is done by installing a new WordPress theme. A lot of new bloggers get really excited about all the design options available.
There are a lot! Start with a minimal theme. The more fancy your theme, the more moving parts. The more moving parts, the more there is to break. Your site should be fast and should work well on all devices, from phones to tablets to desktops. Again, less is more. Do you want a large image on the homepage? Do you want your posts on the right or the left of the screen?
To get started with Math-U-See, you'll need the level's Instruction Pack, Student Pack, and appropriate Manipulatives. Start by getting your own blog hosting and installing es3.info as your blogging platform as . You'll need to start planning for next year. For individuals, you'll want to use a close-up head shot and make sure you are the only person in the photo. (You do have the option to change your profile.